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Trans-Siberian Railway

The Trans-Siberian Railway is a railway line running from Moscow and ends in Vladivostok, a city that is located on the eastern borders of Russia. More precisely, as the Trans-Siberian Railway is called the eastern part of the railway, from Chelyabinsk, Russian city in the south of the Urals to Vladivostok. Its length of 9,288 Km far.

The Trans-Siberian Railway, along the way, has two branches, called Trans-Mongolian and Trans-Manchurian . The line Trans-Mongolian part from Ulan-Ude, city in eastern Russia, through Mongolia and ends in China, in Beijing. The line Manchurian part of the Russian city of Chita, passes from China and arrive in Beijing, but without crossing the Mongolian territory.

1891 is the year in which officially began work on the construction of the Trans-Siberian railroad , with an employed workforce of about 90,000 men. Was presented for the first time the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1900, with the name of Train Transibérien and its completion took place on 18 October 1916.


Along its route, the railway runs through varied landscapes and views, languages, ethnic groups and different cultures; the time zones crossed by the Trans-Siberian Railway are 7 and the average time of a direct trip, without ever getting off the train, is one week. In all the stations along the railway, the time and train schedules are adjusted according to the Moscow time zone.

The Egg of the Trans-Siberian Railway

The ' Egg of the Trans-Siberian Railway is one of the eggs of the Russian jeweler and goldsmith Peter Carl Faberge , made in 1900 and inspired by the Trans-Siberian Railway . 26 cm high, is an Easter eggjewel that the last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II , gave it to his wife, the Tsarina Alexandra. Decorated on the outside by a silver band engraved with the route of the railway and with each marked by a precious stone railway, the Trans-Siberian Railway Egg is made of onyx, gold, quartz and translucent enamel. The interior, covered in velvet, contains a model of a steam train in gold, platinum, diamonds, rubies and rock crystal.The egg is located at the Armory Palace of the Kremlin in Moscow.

Route description

The railway is often associated with the main transcontinental Russian line that connects hundreds of large and small cities of the European and Asian parts of Russia. At 9,289 kilometres (5,772 miles), spanning a record eight time zones. Taking eight days to complete the journey, it is the third-longest single continuous service in the world, after the Moscow–Pyongyang 10,267 kilometres (6,380 mi) and the Kiev–Vladivostok 11,085 kilometres (6,888 mi) services, both of which also follow the Trans-Siberian for much of their routes.

The main route of the Trans-Siberian Railway begins in Moscow at Yaroslavsky Vokzal, runs through Yaroslavl, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Ulan-Ude,Chita, and Khabarovsk to Vladivostok via southern Siberia. A second primary route is the Trans-Manchurian, which coincides with the Trans-Siberian east of Chita as far as Tarskaya (a stop 12 km (7 mi) east of Karymskoye, in Chita Oblast), about 1,000 km (621 mi) east of Lake Baikal. From Tarskaya the Trans-Manchurian heads southeast, viaHarbin and Mudanjiang in China's Northeastern Provinces (from where a connection to Beijing is used by one of the Moscow–Beijing trains), joining with the main route inUssuriysk just north of Vladivostok. This is the shortest and the oldest railway route to Vladivostok. While there are currently no traverse passenger services (enter China from one side and then exit China and return to Russia on the other side) on this branch, it is still used by several international passenger services between Russia and China.

The third primary route is the Trans-Mongolian Railway, which coincides with the Trans-Siberian as far as Ulan-Ude on Lake Baikal's eastern shore. From Ulan-Ude the Trans-Mongolian heads south to Ulaan-Baatar before making its way southeast to Beijing. In 1991, a fourth route running further to the north was finally completed, after more than five decades of sporadic work. Known as the Baikal Amur Mainline (BAM), this recent extension departs from the Trans-Siberian line at Taishet several hundred miles west of Lake Baikal and passes the lake at its northernmost extremity. It crosses the Amur River at Komsomolsk-na-Amure (north of Khabarovsk), and reaches the Tatar Strait of the Sovetskaya Gavan. On 13 October 2011, a train from Khasan made its inaugural run to Rajin, North Korea.

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